A pronoun is a word which is used in place of a noun. There are different kinds of pronouns.
- Personal Pronoun
- Reflexive Pronoun
- Possessive Pronoun
- Demonstrative Pronoun
- Interrogative Pronoun
- Indefinite Pronoun
I, you, he, she, me, her, him them etc are personal pronoun. Personal pronoun are used in subjective as well as objective way.
I, you, he, she, it, we and they can all be used as the subject of a verb. Study the following two sentence:
Alia likes sandals. She has ten sandals.
In the first sentence, the proper noun Alia is the subject of the verb likes. In the second sentence, the pronoun she is the subject of the verb has.
Here are some examples which shows personal pronouns used as subjects of verbs.
- Sachin is a cricketer. He likes to bat.
- My name is Rohit. I am 21.
- Sunil and I are going to watch movie. We like Amitabh Bachchan.
- Smriti and Shruti are going to watch a cricket match. They like MS Dhoni.
- Deepica, you are a sweet girl.
The personal pronouns me, you, him, her, it, us and them can all be used as the object of a verb. Look at the following two sentence:
Alia likes sandals. She likes to wear them.
In the first sentence, the noun sandals is the object of the verb likes. In the second sentence, the pronoun them is the object of the verb wear.
Here are some examples which shows personal pronouns used as objects of verbs.
- Prof Aggarval is very nice. All the students like him.
- The cupboard is very heavy. Workers are lifting it.
- I am cooking food. Sameer is helping me.
- The chairs are well arranged. Someone has arranged them.
The words myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves and themselves are reflexive pronouns
- Rohan built this table himself.
- Be careful not to cut yourself with that knife.
- Shraddha made all this food herself.
- Elephant washes itself by its trunk.
- The soldiers train every day to keep themselves fit.
The words mine, yours, his, hers, ours and theirs are possessive pronouns. Possessive pronouns are used to talk about things that belong to people.
- This bike is mine.
- This bed is mine and that one is hers.
- This is mine shoes, where is yours?
- This food is theirs.
The words this, that, these and those are demonstrative pronouns. Demonstrative pronouns are used for pointing out things.
- This is my car.
- That is my friend’s house.
- Those are my friends.
- These are my students.
This and these are used when you are talking about things near you.
That and those are used when you are talking about things farther away.
The words who, whose, what, which and whom are interrogative pronouns. They are used to ask questions.
- Who are you?
- Which movie is this?
- Whose hat is this?
- What is your birthdate?
- Whom did the teacher appraise?
The words one, some, any, everybody, somebody, everyone, anybody, someone, anyone, no one, everything, something, anything, nothing etc. are indefinite pronouns.
- One should take care of one’s health.
- Everyone should obey traffic rules.
- Does anyone know where my car key is?
- Something is missing in this dish.